An Indentured Immigrant’s first HomeTwo hundred and fifty labourers had sailed from Kolkata (then Calcutta) India on The Whitby to arrive in British Guiana on May 5, 1838. Four died along the 96-day journey. Highbury, their first point of entry, is a small village at the culmination of an annual trek by those commemorating the arrival of East Indians in Guyana.According to some accounts, many of those who returned to India after their indentureship period at Highbury had ended, returned with substantial wealth; paving the way for the Indian indentureship era in Guyanese history, and, according to most scholars, saving the colony from ruin and abandonment.After the labour vacuum left by freed slaves began to have a disastrous effect on colonial industry, particularly the sugar industry, the owners of Plantation Highbury along with a few others including John Gladstone, from Liverpool, England, sent to India for workers to tend their investments.Henry Davidson, Aeneas Barkly, whose only surviving son Henry Barkly would become the 4th governor of British Guiana (1849-1853), and D.C. Cameron, were the British owners of the plantation. Aeneas Barkly died during the apprenticeship period, and his son Henry took over his father’s affairs. One hundred and seventeen labourers, including 11 females, arrived at Plantation Highbury on the East bank of the Berbice River to begin their period of indenture on the colony. Their indentures were dated from Dec. 29, 1837.According to some accounts, by January 1839, a visit by a Justice Macleod to Plantation Highbury found that 15 males and two females had since died, and some 10-15 were on the “sick list”. The surviving labourers were described as “cheerful and contented”. By November 1839, mortality rates at the plantation included 17 males and one female, with 12 on the sick list. Others had run away several times, despite reports of the good treatment of coolies on the plantation.Official colony records stated that 22 persons from the original first batch had died on Plantation Highbury, either from drowning, excessive drinking, dysentery or gangrene, to name a few, while two had run away. Colony records also note that the Highbury Pln labourers reared the most livestock than anywhere else on the colony; both for their own food and to sell.In January 1843, Davidson wrote to Lord Stanley that “the first-class ship “Louisa Baille”” was returning to India with a batch of former indentured workers from Highbury estate. This was after a flurry of letters from colony governor Henry Light to Lord Stanley in England, conveying the increasing uneasiness of the workers who were still in the colony awaiting their journey back home after serving out their contracts.Colony records estimate that 81 Highbury labourers returned to India on the “Louisa Baille”, while nine chose to remain on the colony. There were also eight women, seven boys and two girls on the return trip, of which all but two children were born on the colony.Between the 81 labourers, the group was returning with some $8,536, while four of the nine remaining had no savings at the time.But Plantation Highbury was not the original name of the estate, nor were its British owners its original landlords. The estate initially belonged to the Berbice Association, a Dutch association formed in 1720 similar to the East India Company (of Hindustan) to expand cultivation within the colony and which was a substantial slave owner on the colony.The Berbice Association, though with allegiance to Holland, were proprietors who governed the territory and could sell lands, described as lots or grants, to private owners willing to establish plantations. The association also retained lands on which they established what they called “model estates”. These model estates, known as “Society’s ground” or “Society’s Plantations”, are also referred to as “Colony Estates” on some maps.When the colony was captured by the British, there were four such estates under the association, and an agreement was made between the two sides that these were to be treated as private rather than government property.These four estates were called Dageraad, St Jan, Dankbaarheid and Sandvoort, and remained association property until November 1818 when they were sold to Cameron, Davidson and Barkly, partners of the English company Davidson’s, Barkly & Co. The partners in this purchase then divided the properties among themselves. Cameron, along with a friend, took Sandvoort, then a large coffee estate in Canje. Sandvoort would later be divided into two; of which one half was converted into a sugar estate named “Lochaber” after the Scottish headquarters of the Camerons.The other three plantations remained with Barkly and Davidson, though Dageraad, a sugar plantation, after a period was handed over to the government as a leper asylum or colony.St Jan, originally a coffee plantation, and Dankbaarheid , a sugar estate, were united and renamed Highbury, after Barkly’s place, Highbury Grove, in Middlesex (then an English county) near London.In addition, according to the book “Frustrated Peasants, Marginalized Workers: Free African Villages in Guyana” by Wazir Mohamed, sometime between 1847 -1848, 100 acres of Crown Land in Highbury were communally purchased by former slaves. Between 1853 and 1880, writes Walton Look Lai in his book “The Chinese in the West Indies, 1806-1995: A Documentary History”, Highbury Plantation also indentured Chinese workers.Position of Arrival Day monumentOne note of unease from some members of the East Indian Community is the fact that the construction of the Indian Arrival Day monument, in the pipeline, should be sited at Highbury, where the first batch of Indian immigrants actually arrived, instead of Palmyra.
0Shares0000ANKARA, April 5- Gunshots were fired at a bus carrying Turkey’s Fenerbahce football team back from their 5-1 victory over Black Sea side Rizespor on Saturday, the club said, injuring the driver but leaving the players unhurt.Several shots were aimed at the bus as the Turkish Super Lig league leaders passed through the northeastern town of Trabzon following their away game in nearby Rize, said the club’s vice president Mahmut Uslu. The driver managed to bring the bus to a stop despite being wounded in the face, and was immediately taken to hospital in a police car, said Uslu, who was on the bus at the time. He accused the attackers of trying to “crash the bus and kill the players”.“It’s unbelievable,” he told Turkish television.None of the players were injured in the attack, which happened as they returned to Istanbul.Pictures of the bus showed a damaged windshield on the driver’s side.Trabzon governor Abdil Celil Oz confirmed the gun attack on the bus and said the driver’s life was not in danger.“At first we thought stones had been thrown at the bus but police investigators at the scene have concluded it was an armed attack,” he told the television station 360.The governor said he received a phone call from President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, a supporter of the Istanbul club, asking him about the investigation into the attack.The Turkish Football Federation (TFF) issued a statement condemning the incident “in the strongest possible terms” and called for the perpetrators to be brought to justice.The players and their entourage were later met by hundreds of supporters in the club’s blue-and-yellow strip at Istanbul’s Sabiha Gokcen airport, along with Fenerbahce’s president Aziz Yildirim, images broadcast on Turkish news channels showed.Sports minister Cagatay Kilic described the attack as “cowardly and barbaric” but said the championship would go ahead as planned, as Turkish media responded with shock to the unprecedented attack on a club in the football-mad country.It comes at a moment of high tension in Turkey after a week of political violence ahead of June elections.On Tuesday, two Revolutionary People’s Liberation Party–Front (DHKP-C) militants took a prosecutor hostage at an Istanbul courthouse and held him for hours before all three were killed in a shootout with the police.A day later police in Istanbul killed an armed woman linked to the DHKP-C after she tried to storm the police headquarters in the capital.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) read more
Scientists believe the crossbreeding occurred long before the bison were brought to Catalina Island. Hedgecock said the Catalina herd likely descended from animals on the famous Goodnight Ranch in Texas where cattle ranchers mated bison, also called buffalo, with cows to create a better beef animal. The ranch called the offspring of the union “cataloes.” Bison have roamed Catalina since 1924 when 14 head were brought in as extras for the silent film “The Vanishing American,” though the movie did not include footage of the bison. The animals became a mainstay on the island and grew to a herd of 600 at one point. Since the 1970s, the nonprofit Catalina Island Conservancy, which manages most of the island, has thinned the herd by auctioning the animals, some of which ended up in slaughterhouses. The conservancy ended the practice in 2003 and has since sent bison to Indian reservations for breeding and consumption. Today, about 180 bison live on the island about 20 miles off the Southern California coast. Long thought to be purebred, the wild bison of Santa Catalina Island in fact have a little bit of cow in them, the first DNA analysis of the animals found. Nearly half of the 98 American bison shipped off the island in 2004 have cattle genes that were passed on through the mother. Catalina bison were believed to be purer than those on the mainland because they lived in isolation on the island since the 1920s. “We were surprised because there’s nothing cattle about them. They look like bison,” said biologist Dennis Hedgecock of the University of Southern California, who co-authored the study. The research done at USC and Texas A&M University appears in the latest issue of the journal Animal Genetics. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! read more
NEW YORK – When the $2.5billion NetBank was closed by federal regulators last month, some 1,500 of the accounts in the online bank had balances that exceeded federal deposit insurance limits. The owners of those accounts, with deposits totaling $109 million, won’t necessarily lose all their money because federal insurance may cover some, and they’ll share in the proceeds of the sale of the failed bank’s assets. Still, it could take time for the bank to be liquidated, and they may not get 100 percent of their money back. The fact is, consumers don’t have to take that kind of risk. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corp., which insures bank and savings bank deposits, and the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which covers credit union accounts, make sure consumers get all of their money immediately if a bank fails – if savers abide by the deposit limits. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREGame Center: Chargers at Kansas City Chiefs, Sunday, 10 a.m.This is increasingly important as consumers’ accounts grow in size, especially those earmarked for retirement, and as financial institutions nationwide struggle amid rising mortgage loan delinquencies and tighter credit markets that have made it harder for banks to raise cash. Bert Ely, a banking consultant and specialist in deposit insurance who is based in Alexandria, Va., noted that in recent years, the strong economy has made it possible for faltering banks to be purchased by sound banks, with no losses to depositors. In the current financial climate, however, troubled institutions will probably be left to fail, Ely said. “That has renewed interest in looking at how deposit insurance works and what the limits are,” he said. “And that’s healthy.” According to the FDIC, the basic insurance amount is $100,000 per depositor per insured bank. This limit applies to individual and joint accounts as well as some trust accounts. Earlier this year, Congress approved an increase to $250,000 in coverage for some retirement accounts, including Individual Retirement Accounts. Kathy Nagle, chief of the deposit insurance section in the consumer protection branch at the FDIC in Washington, D.C., said small savers generally don’t have to worry about the limits. “If the sum total of all your money at a bank is $100,000 or less, you don’t have to worry about all these categories; you’re fully insured,” Nagle said. “If it’s more than that, you can be fully insured – but you need to get into asking questions about whether you’re allocating your money to different categories of coverage.” When looking at those categories, she said, “it’s best to think about it per account owner, not by type of account.” She gave this example of a married couple and their insurance coverage at their hometown bank: The wife has $100,000 in her name in several savings accounts. The husband has $100,000 in his name in a separate savings account. The couple has $200,000 in a joint account with equal withdrawal rights. Each of them has an IRA, with $250,000 in each account. In this case, everything is covered by FDIC insurance, she said. Things get more complicated if the deposits are in so-called revocable trust accounts, also known as payable-on-death accounts or living trusts. “The owner is insured up to $100,000 for the interest of each qualifying beneficiary,” Nagle said. These beneficiaries can include spouses, children, siblings and some others. Savers can check on their coverage by going to the FDIC Web site at www.FDIC.gov and using the Electronic Deposit Insurance Estimator, or EDIE, to check on whether their accounts qualify for insurance coverage, she said. “If it involves setting up a living trust, which can be quite complex, people can always call us for help,” Nagle said. The FDIC’s toll-free hotline is (877) 275-3342 (877 ASK-FDIC). The insurance limits are the same for credit union accounts. The National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which is an arm of the National Credit Union Administration, maintains an insurance estimator at www.ncua.gov. Ely, the banking consultant, said savers “need to be prudent about this, particularly in smaller banks because they’re the ones most likely to fail.” Consumers have choices, he added. “Spread your money around – put it in different institutions so you’re not over the limit,” he suggested. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! read more
BUSINESS: Ireland was one of the warmest Countries in Europe yesterday, and weather reports say that Donegal is the place to be for the rest of this week – the hottest in Ireland!Why not take advantage of the scorching hot weather and gain some extra space outside with Creative Grain’s latest ‘Decking Special’? Free Quotation1 Day Fitting ServicePressure Treated Timber (Lasting 25 years!)Flat Decking Price List2.4m x 2.4m = €3693.0m x 3.0m = €4793.6m x 3.6m = €589*Price includes supply and fitting. read more
Starting Thursday, outstanding high school marching bands from 23 states will compete in the nation’s most prominent marching band championship, Music for All’s Bands of America Grand National Championships, presented by Yamaha, at Lucas Oil Stadium in Indianapolis, Indiana,November 8-10. Approximately 100,000 participants and spectators are expected to attend over the three-day event. Bands will compete from Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Wisconsin, and West Virginia. The Bands of America Grand National Championships, presented by Yamaha, is America’s national championship for high school marching bands and the culmination of the Bands of America season with 22 events held across America. Grand Nationals is not only an exciting live performance event for spectators, it is an educational experience for the young musicians who participate and their teachers. About Music for AllSince 1975, Music for All, through its Music for All, Bands of America, Orchestra America, and choir programs, has been a destination and set the standard for scholastic music ensemble performance and music education advocacy. As a 501(c)(3) nonprofit educational organization, Music for All’s mission is to create, provide, and expand positively life-changing experiences through music for all. Music for All’s vision is to be a catalyst to ensure that every child in America has access and opportunity for active music making in his or her scholastic environment. Music for All serves more than 500,000 participants annually with programs that include 30+ annual events, including the Bands of America Grand National Championships and Regional Championships for marching bands, the Music for All Summer Symposium camp for students and teachers, the Music for All National Festival and Affiliate Regional Music Festivals for concert bands, orchestras, choirs, chamber ensembles, percussion ensembles, and the national honor concert band, jazz band, orchestra, and the Bands of America Honor Band that will march for the fifth time in the Rose Parade® in 2021. Ticket InformationTickets are available for the Grand National Championships at Ticketmaster.com, Ticketmaster by phone and at the Lucas Oil Stadium ticket office. Tickets for the four days of events range from $16 to $120. See all ticket prices at www.musicforall.org. Children ages 10 and under are free for general admission seats. A $5 off any general admission ticket (individual Preliminaries and Semi-Finals) discount will be available at the gate for college students with an ID, spectators 11-18 years of age, military members and spouses (military ID required), and spectators age 62 and over. With over 1.5 million music students impacted by Music for All’s programs over more than 40 years, Bands of America Championships are a celebration of music education at its finest, showcasing excellence, teamwork, and leadership. Paige’s Music/Chops Percussion of Indianapolis is the Official Music Store of the event. In addition to those in attendance, thousands more will watch the Grand Nationals live stream on FloMarching.com. The championship event will feature 110 bands in two days of preliminary competition on Friday and Saturday. Thirty bands from preliminary competition will advance to Saturday’s Semi-Finals. The top 12 scoring bands on Saturday will move on to the evening Finals competition, where the Grand National Champion will be named. A panel of nationally recognized music educators and marching arts experts will evaluate the Grand National Championship performances. Friday evening’s festivities after the preliminary competition will begin at 8:30 p.m. and will include the Sponsor Recognition Awards; the presentation of the Patrick John Hughes Parent/Booster Award, a national award honoring an outstanding band parent and supporter and named in honor of Louisville resident Patrick John Hughes, co-author with his son Patrick Henry of “I Am Potential”; and the Prelims Awards Ceremony & announcement of Semi-Finalists. There is also a Student Leadership Workshop with Dr. Tim Lauzenheiser, where student leaders will learn hard-hitting life skills that will positively contribute to the welfare of their band programs. Twelve Indiana bands compete in this national competitionTwelve Indiana bands, including Avon High School, Carmel High School, Castle High School, Center Grove High School, Columbus North High School, Fishers High School, Goshen High School, Greenfield Central High School, Homestead High School, Lawrence Central H.S., Lewis Cass High School, and Monrovia High School will compete in the Grand National Championships.ScheduleThe Grand National Championships preliminary competition begins on Thursday, November 8 at 7:45 a.m. and will conclude at 11:15 p.m. The preliminary competition resumes on Friday November 9 at approximately 7:00 a.m. and concludes at 8:15 p.m. Gates will open for the Semi-Finals competition on Saturday, November 10 at 6:30 a.m. with performances beginning at 7:00 a.m., and will conclude at 4:45 p.m. Gates open for the Finals competition on Saturday, November 10 at 6:30 p.m. with performances beginning at 8:00 p.m. All times are tentative pending the final schedule of performing bands. Current times will be listed at musicforall.orgSpecial EventsSix college bands will perform in exhibition: Tennessee State University “The Aristocrat of Bands” on Thursday at 7:00 p.m. and Friday at 10:00 a.m.; Ball State “Pride of Mid-America” Marching Band on Friday at 4:45 p.m.; the Spartan Marching Band of Michigan State University on Friday at the conclusion of the preliminary performance at 8:15 p.m.; Marian University Marching Knights on Saturday at 9:00 a.m; The Rocket Marching Band of the University of Toledo at1:45 p.m. on Saturday, and the Incomparable Golden Rams Marching Band of West Chester University at 4:45 p.m. on Saturday. Six outstanding college marching bands will perform in exhibition throughout the event, from Ball State University, Marian University, Michigan State University, Tennessee State University, University of Toledo and West Chester University. Grand Nationals also includes an Expo with more than 100 booths on the Lucas Oil Stadium concourse, and a student leadership workshop. Special events include programs for future music educators, student leaders, and music education advocates. Twelve Indiana high school marching bands are among the 110 competing for America’s national champion title in three days of performances. Grand Nationals has been held in Indianapolis all but two years since 1984, first in the Hoosier Dome/RCA Dome and in Lucas Oil Stadium since it opened. The 2018 Grand National Championships was expanded for 2018, making it the largest Bands of America Grand National Championships in the organization’s 43-year history. read more
CCH Tax Day ReportA taxpayer’s interest and capital gains income from the sale of its interest in a limited liability company (LLC) was apportionable business income for Utah corporate franchise tax purpose. The income met the functional test for business income, because holding the interest in the LLC was the taxpayer’s only business activity. The taxpayer argued that the income did not meet the functional test, because it was a holding company without a trade or business and because the interest in the LLC was acquired merely as an investment. However, the taxpayer’s activities indicated that it was operating a trade or business to manage its interest in the LLC, which generated income for the taxpayer for many years. The interest in the LLC was the only asset the taxpayer acquired, managed, and ultimately disposed of and, thus, was an integral, functional, or operative component of the taxpayer’s trade or business. Also, the isolated or infrequent sale did not prevent the income generated from the sale from being classified as business income under the functional test. The taxpayer failed to meet its burden of proof to show that the business income that arose from the sale should not be apportioned 100% to Utah, as the only state in which the taxpayer was registered to do business on or prior to the sale date was Utah. Finally, even if the Tax Commission had found the income to be nonbusiness income, it would have been allocable to the taxpayer’s commercial domicile, which was in Utah.Commission Decision, Appeal Nos. 14-329 & 14-1893, Utah State Tax Commission, March 18, 2016, released July 14, 2016, ¶401-186Other References:Explanations at ¶11-510 read more
UPDATE: Columbia police have identified the remains as 39-year old Glenn Lester O’Neal. The cause of death has yet to be determined.ORIGINAL STORY: A death investigation underway in Columbia. Skeletal remains were found off I-70 Thursday night. Columbia police say the remains were in the area of I-70 Drive Southwest and Stadium Boulevard. The department is hoping to have more information soon.
In my recent blog, I talked about moving to a virtual environment and provided some tips and tools to do it, but I didn’t talk about the costs.In this blog I’ll discuss ROI (return on investment) calculation.This blog is relevant to project managers who calculate the ROI and to managers who should approve the project. I’ll try to provide all aspects you need consider when calculating ROI for a virtualization project.So it is always profitable to use virtual servers? In the same way that people tend to think that virtual servers are as not as “good” as physical servers (which is not true, but that is a whole topic for different blog), people tend to think that using virtual servers will save costs, but this is also not true in all cases.So will you always save costs? From my experience, the answer is ‘no’. That is to say, it is not always profitable to use a virtual environment. That is totally dependent on the current status and on your plans. Always calculate ROI, include everything inside and you’ll get the answer for your plans.Note – in the coming items I’ll mention the word “tend” a few times. That is to emphasize those items that usually people ignore (which I originally did myself….)When calculating the ROI, one should consider the following;1. 1. Calculate period items (maintenance, electricity, etc.) according to the life cycle of your solution, for example how long you think your new solution will be deployed until EOL. That depends on the company plans, on the HW support and other considerations. If you have no idea assumes 3 years of cost which is about the average life cycle of new HW.2. 2. One tip is to create an ROI formula for all items (servers cost, SW cost, electricity, etc.) so you’ll be able to change the number of servers and see when it becomes profitable to have virtual environment.3. 3. Add electricity cost to your calculation. People tend to ignore it, but simple exploration will show you that each physical server consume electricity with cost of ~500$-1000$\Year. Sometimes that cost can change the ROI decision.4. 4. Add hardware maintenance cost. Include all hardware in your solution, even if you already have it on site. Don’t forget that new hardware is usually been quoted with maintenance contract included for the first few years which can be an advantage.5. 5. That is pretty obvious – add the hardware cost, whether if it is to build the virtual environment or the physical servers. Don’t forget to include hardware you buy to change hardware you already have on site. Don’t forget also that to host a virtual environment usually requires a higher spec hardware set which will usually cost more per server.6. 6. Depreciation – again, usually workers tend to ignore that (and many times because of lack of knowledge) especially when using existing hardware, or hardware you got from other sites. Consult with finance how to add depreciation.7. 7. Storage – that is one of the items that workers tend to ignore more frequently and definitely can change the ROI decision. When using virtual environment with cluster hosts, one usually needs more storage. That has been ignored mainly when the needed disk space relatively small and site already has storage in place. So don’t ignore it, add it to your calculations. Even if you have free space, you’ll need it for other things. In addition include all other items related to the storage – HBA cost, fiber switch port cost, etc.8. 8. Head Count – virtual environment can be managed centrally. This is not relevant for small environments, but for larger environments with thousands of servers you can reduce the needed headcount and it should be reflected in the ROI.9. 9. Servers support items – for example rack and cabling. (e.g., for 100 servers you’ll need 10 racks, while 10 host in virtual environment can host those 100 servers and will need 1 rack. Make the calculation and see it make the change.)10. 10. Software & Operating System (OS) cost – there are many combinations to quote virtual environment. Some virtual software costs money, and in some virtual environment you can host more than one OS at one OS price, etc., check the cost of the virtual environment software and the cost of the OS for all servers\hosts.Here are 2 tools Intel provide:- Server sizing – that tool help to choose the right servers for using- Saving estimator – that tool calculate the cost saving when moving to virtual environmen I hope this has helped you to create your respective ROI calculation, which in turn should help in the project approval process.I would love to hear other items that I didn’t consider or any comments. read more